List of Volkswagen Group petrol engines

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These Petrol engine listed below are currently in use today, by various Marque of Automobile, and Commercial vehicle, of the Volkswagen Group.

Since the Volkswagen Group is Europe, the Internal combustion engine performance ratings are published using the International System of Units (commonly abbreviated "SI"), a modern form of the Metric system of figures. The engines will have been tested by a Deutsches Institut für Normung (DIN) accredited testing facility, to either the original 80/1269/European Economic Community, or the later 1999/99/EC standards. These metric standards for Motive power are quoted in either Horsepower (PS) (~= 735.5 Watt (W), ~= 0.98632 hp (SAE) - sometimes incorrectly referred to as 'metric horsepower'), or Watt (kW). In case of conflict, the metric power figure will be stated in kilowatts (kW). For the turning force generated by the engine, the Newton metre (Nm) will be the reference figure of Torque.

The petrol engines which Volkswagen Group previously employed are in the List of discontinued Volkswagen Group petrol engines.

Contents

EA 111


The EA111 series was introduced in the mid 1970s in the Audi 50 and later the VW Polo. It is a series of water cooled Straight-3 and Straight-4 Gasoline and Diesel engines in a variety of sizes. The Overhead cam engine features a Crossflow cylinder head design and directly-driven auxiliary units. The exhaust side is in driving direction.

Three cylinder


1.0T 50-55kW

The new fuel-saving engine presented at the Geneva Motor Show

configuration 
water cooled 998 cm³ inline three
head 
aluminium, DOHC, four valves per cylinder, 10.5:1 compression ratio
block 
aluminium, four bearings, balancer shaft, 74.9 mm bore × 75.6 mm stroke, 0.99 ratio, 333 cm³ per cylinder
aspiration 
Twinscroll turbocharger or turbocharger with fronted mechanical charger (look 1.4TSI)
fuel 
direct fuel injection FSI with 150 bars injection pressure
output
55 kW (75 hp) at 5000 rpm, 120 N·m at 1950-4000 rpm
50 kW at 4000 to 6000 rpm, 108 Nm at 1500-5000 rpm

1.2 40-51kW

configuration 
water cooled 1198 cm³ inline three
head 
(2 V) aluminium, SOHC, two valves per cylinder, 10.3:1 compression
(4 V) aluminium, DOHC, four valves per cylinder, 10.5:1 compression ratio
block 
aluminium, four bearings, balancer shaft, 76.5 mm bore × 86.9 mm stroke, 0.88 ratio, 399 cm³ per cylinder
fuel 
electronic injection
output 
(2 V) 40 kW (55 hp) at 4750 rpm, 108 N·m (80 ft·lbf) at 3000 rpm
(2 V) 44 kW (60 hp) at 5000 rpm, 108 N·m (80 ft·lbf) at 3000 rpm
(4 V) 47 kW (64 hp) at 5400 rpm, 112 N·m at 3000 rpm
(4 V) 51 kW (70 hp) at 5400 rpm, 112 N·m at 3000 rpm
application 
VW Fox, VW Polo (PQ 24), Škoda Fabia and SEAT Ibiza
references 
VW AG (2005-04-04). New VW Fox In Depth. News release. http://www.germancarfans.com/news.cfm/newsid/2050404.012/page/6/lang/eng/volkswagen/1.html. 

1.2 FSI 50-65kW

configuration 
water cooled 1198 cm³ inline three
head 
aluminium, DOHC, four valves per cylinder, 12.3:1 compression
block 
aluminium, four bearings, balancer shaft, 76.5 mm bore × 86.9 mm stroke, 0.88 ratio, 399 cm³ per cylinder
fuel 
FSI direct petrol injection, up to 150 bar high-pressure pump and common rail
aspiration 
multi-position tumble flap in the intake port controlling the tumble effect
exhaust 
up to 25% cooled exhaust gas recirculation
output
50 kW (68 hp) at 5000 rpm, 115 N·m (80 ft·lbf) at 3250 rpm
65 kW (89 hp) at 6000 rpm, 120 N·m at 3500 rpm
application 
VW Polo PQ 25

Four cylinder


1.0 37-51kW

configuration 
bore/stroke 67.1/70.6 mm 0.95 ratio, 249 cm³ per cylinder, 999 cm³ inline four
head 
aluminium, SOHC, two valves per cylinder, 10.8:1 compression
block 
aluminium, five bearings
fuel 
electronic injection Total Flex Gasoline or Ethanol (BR)
output (2 V) 
37 kW (50PS) at ? rpm, ? nm az ? rpm
51 kW (70 PS) at 5750 rpm, 90 N·m (65 ft·lbf) at 4250 rpm
application 
VW Fox VW Golf Seat Arosa

1.4 55kW

configuration 
bore/stroke 76.5/75.6 mm, 1.01 ratio, 347.5 cm³ per cylinder 1390 cm³ in line four
head 
SOHC 2 valves per cylinder, 10.5:1 compression
block 
cast iron, five bearings
fuel 
electronic injection
output 
55 kW (75 hp) at 4800-5000 rpm, 124 N·m (92 ft·lbf) at 2750 rpm
application 
VW Fox, VW Golf Mk3, VW Kombi (T2) in Brazil

1.4 16V 55-74kW

configuration 
76.5 bore × 75.6 mm stroke, 1.01 ratio, 347.5 cm³ per cylinder, 1390 cm³ inline four
head 
aluminium, DOHC, four valves per cylinder, 10.5:1 compression
block 
aluminium, five bearings
fuel 
electronic injection petrol
output
55 kW (75 PS) at 5000 rpm, 126 N·m (93 ft·lbf) at 3800 rpm, only assembled with the 4-Gear automatic and in Škoda Cars
59 kW (80 PS) - 63 kW (86 PS) at 5000 rpm, 128-132 N·m (98 ft·lbf) at 3300-3800 rpm
74 kW (100 PS) at 6000 rpm, 126 N·m (93 ft·lbf) at 4400 rpm, no longer assembled in western Europe
applications 
VW Polo, VW Golf, SEAT León, Škoda Roomster, Škoda Fabia

1.4 TSI 90-133kW

Announced at the 2005 Frankfurt Auto Show to be used in the Golf GT, The 1.4l Twincharger is a TSI engine with a Turbocharger and a Supercharger in combination. Its Downsizing leads to economy, with 14% more power than the 2.0 FSI but consuming 5% less fuel. The mechanical compressor operates at low engine speeds below 2400 rpm to increase low-end power, the turbocharger engages at middle revs, a clutch disengage the supercharger which will then be bypassed once the turbocharger reaches sufficient speed to provide boost above 3500 rpm.

In 2007 Volkswagen announced the 90 kW model which will replace the 1.6 FSI 115 hp (86 kW) engine. This engine differs from the 103 kW and 125 kW models in several ways. It is turbocharger only and has water-cooled intercooler to reduce charge time. The engine has reduced frictional losses, optimized camshafts, new intake port and new high-pressure injector valves. It is also 14 kg lighter than the 125 kW model, all to improve fuel economy and reduce emissions.

Configuration 
1,390 Cubic centimetre (85 Cubic inch)Straight-4
Head 
four-valve, 10:1 compression ratio
Block 
grey cast iron, bore * stroke ratio 76.5 * 75.6 mm, 120 bar peak pressures
Fuel 
FSI direct petrol injection up to 150 bar, high-pressure injection multiple-hole valve with six fuel outlet elements, injector on the intake side between the intake port and cylinder head seal level
Aspiration
90 kW model
turbocharger with maximum pressure 1.8 bar, water-cooled intercooler integrated into intake manifold
103 kW and 125 kW models
mechanical belt driven Roots compressor operated by a magnetic clutch integrated in a module inside the water pump, internal step-down ratio on the input end of the synchronisation gear pair and exhaust turbocharger connected in series, administrated by a control flap, intercooler, 2.5 bar pressure at 1500 rpm.
Output
90 Kilowatt (Convert/PS bhp), 200 Newton metre (148 Foot-pound force) over 1500-3500 rpm in the Golf lineup later in 2007
92 Kilowatt (Convert/PS bhp), 200 Newton metre (148 Foot-pound force) over 1500-4000 rpm in the Audi A3
103 Kilowatt (Convert/PS bhp), 220 Newton metre (162 Foot-pound force) in the Touran from early 2006
118 Kilowatt (Convert/PS bhp), 240 Newton metre (177 Foot-pound force) from 1,750 to 4,500 rpm in Golf Mk6 and Scirocco Mk3
125 Kilowatt (Convert/PS bhp) @6000rpm, 240 Newton metre (177 Foot-pound force) (MEP 21.7 bar) from 1750 to 4500 rpm , 200 Newton metre (148 Foot-pound force) from 1250 to 6000 rpm, 7000 rpm max in the Golf Mk5 GT
133 Kilowatt (Convert/PS bhp) ???? in the SEAT Ibiza Cupra
Applications
2005 Volkswagen Golf Mk5
2006 VW Touran
2008 VW Scirocco
possibly in the 2008 VW Concept R
2007 SEAT Leon only 122PS
2008 Škoda Octavia
References 
Volkswagen AG (2005-08-29). Volkswagen Golf GT TSI - Supercharged and Turbocharged 1.4l. News release. http://www.vwvortex.com/artman/publish/volkswagen_news/printer_1496.shtml. 
Volkswagen AG (2007-05-29). To the Point: TSI Offensive. News release. http://www.volkswagen-media-services.com/medias_publish/ms/content/en/pressemitteilungen/2007/05/29/to_the_point__tsi.standard.gid-oeffentlichkeit.html. 
"New VW 122 PS TSI Engine In Detail". http://www.worldcarfans.com/news.cfm/newsID/2070529.001/page/1/lang/eng/country/gcf/volkswagen/new-vw-122-ps-tsi-engine-in-detail. Retrieved on 2007-06-23. 

1.6 74-77kW

configuration 
76.5 bore × 86.9 mm stroke, 0.88 ratio, 399 cm³ per cylinder, 1598 cm³ in line four
head
DOHC 4-valve per cylinder, 10.5:1 compression
SOHC 2-valve per cylinder, 10.8:1 compression (BR)
block
aluminium alloy, five bearings
cast iron, five bearings (BR)
fuel
electronic multipoint injection Bosch MD7
electronic injection Total Flex Gasoline or Ethanol (BR)
output
77 kW (105 PS) at 5600 rpm, 153 N·m (115 ft·lbf) at 3800 rpm
74 kW (101 PS Gasoline/104 PS Ethanol) at 5750 rpm, 141 N·m (106 ft·lbf) at 3250 rpm (BR)
application 
VW Gol, VW Fox, VW Polo, VW Golf , VW Passat,Škoda Fabia 2007 on

1.6 FSI 85kW

Configuration 
1598 cm³ inline four
head 
aluminium, DOHC chaindrive, variable intake camshaft timing, four valves per cylinder, 12:1 compression
block 
aluminium alloy, five main bearings, 76.5 mm Bore × 86.9 mm stroke (0.88 ratio), 399.5 cm³ per cylinder
fuel 
Gasoline, Fuel Stratified Injection, up to 110 bar high-pressure pump and common rail, stratified-charge combustion at partial load
aspiration 
two-position tumble flap in the intake port controlling the turbulence
exhaust 
up to 35% exhaust gas recirculation, NOx storage-type catalytic converter
management 
Bosch Motronic MED7
output 
85 kW (115 hp) at 5800-6000 rpm, 155 N·m at 4000 rpm
applications 
VW Golf, VW Eos, VW Jetta, VW Touran, VW Passat, Audi A3, Škoda Octavia engine will be assembled to the end of 2008
References 
Audi AG (2001-03-10). Audi A2 1.6 FSI with Direct Petrol Injection. News release. http://www.audiworld.com/news/02/geneva/a2/content.shtml. 

Four cylinder EA827/EA113

The EA827 family was introduced in 1972 in the Audi 80, and eventually superseded by the EA113 evolution introduced in 1993. Both share the same 88 mm cylinder spacing. It was later updated with direct injection, to be topped by the 265 PS 2.0L TFSI. 40 million engines have been produced. It was replaced by the EA888 project introduced with the 1.8L TFSI below.

1.6 75-80kW

engine code
AHP(5V China)
configuration
1,595 Cubic centimetre (97.3 Cubic inch) inline 4
head
SOHC 2-valve per cylinder, 10.3:1 compression
DOHC 5-valve per cylinder, 10.5:1 compression (China)
block 
aluminium, five bearings, bore 81 × stroke 77.4 mm, 1.05 ratio, 399 cm³ per cylinder
output
75 kW (102 hp) at 5600 rpm, 148 N·m (109 ft·lbf) at 3800 rpm
80 kW (109 hp) at 5800 rpm, 150 N·m (111 ft·lbf) at 4200 rpm (China)
applications
Škoda Octavia
Volkswagen Jetta (China)
Seat Leon 2005-2007, probably to be replaced in late 2007 by 1.4 TSI 122ps

1.8 66-76kW

configuration 
1,781 Cubic centimetre (108.7 Cubic inch) inline 4, longitudinal, : bore 81 × stroke 86.4 mm
head 
SOHC 2-valve per cylinder, 10.8:1 compression
block 
cast iron engine block, five bearings
fuel 
electronic multi-point injection Magneti Marelli
electronic singlepoint injection Bosch Motronic
electronic injection Total Flex Gasoline or Ethanol (BR)
output
66 kW (90 hp) at 5500 rpm, 145 N·m (108 ft·lbf) at 2500 rpm in VW Gol, VW Pointer (MX)
76 kW (103 hp) at 5400 rpm, 155 N·m (112 ft·lbf) at 3000 rpm in VW Gol, VW Santana, VW Saveiro (BR, MX, AR)

1.8 95kW

configuration 
1,781 Cubic centimetre (108.7 Cubic inch) inline 4, longitudinal, : bore 81 × stroke 86.4 mm
head 
DOHC 4-valve per cylinder, ? compression
block 
cast iron engine block, five bearings
fuel 
 ?
electronic singlepoint injection Bosch Motronic
output
95kW (129 hp) at ? rpm, ? N·m (108 ft·lbf) at ? rpm in SEAT Ibiza GTi

1.8 20VT 110-176kW

This version is a 1.8 L turbocharged engine built in Puebla, Puebla, Mexico, Győr, Hungary, and Wolfsburg, Germany. Output varies based on ECU software, turbocharger and internal component selection.

Engine code
AWM / AEB / ATW / AWD / AWW / AWP / AMU / AMB / AGU / BAM / AYP / AUM
Configuration 
1,781 Cubic centimetre (108.7 Cubic inch) inline 4
Head 
DOHC, aluminum, Multi-valve per cylinder, hydraulic bucket tappets, 9.5:1 compression ratio
Cylinders 
bore * stroke 81 * 86.4 mm, cast iron engine block
Pistons 
Forged Aluminium Mahle, fracture-split forged steel connecting rods, one-piece cast or forged crankshaft
Fuel System 
Motronic ME 7.5 electronic multipoint sequential Fuel injection, premium unleaded recommended
Aspiration 
Turbocharged, Intercooled, cast aluminum intake manifold.
Red Line 
6500rpm Limit 6800rpm
Output
110 kW (150 PS) @ 5,800 rpm and 220 N·m (162 lbf·ft) @ 2,200-4,200 rpm; available on the Volkswagen Passat, VW New Beetle, VW Jetta and VW Golf. Also on the Audi A3 (first gen.) and Audi A4, Škoda Octavia and SEAT Ibiza. (Engine codes: AEB, AGU, AWD, AWW, APH, ATW)
120 kW (163 PS) @ 5,700 rpm and 225 N·m (166 lbf·ft) @ 1,950-4,700 rpm; replaced the 150 PS version in 2003 on most models.
125 kW (170 PS) @ 5,900 rpm and 225 N·m (166 lbf·ft) @ 1,950-5,000 rpm, available on the VW Passat and Passat Wagon. This version only exists on North American and emerging market engines.
132 kW (180 PS) @ 5,500 rpm and 235 N·m (173 lbf·ft) @ 1,950-5,000 rpm, available on the VW Golf GTI, VW Jetta, VW New Beetle, Audi A3, Audi A4 and Audi TT, Škoda Octavia and SEAT León and Seat Toledo. (Engine codes: AWP AUQ)

Remapped power available 200 - 225 bhp (dependent on tuning company on standard engine components )

140 kW (190 PS) @ 5700 rpm and 240 N·m (177 lbf·ft) @ 1,950-4,700 rpm, available on the Audi A4 and Audi TT.
165 kW (225 PS) at 5900 rpm, 280 N·m (207 ft·lbf) between 2200 and 5500 rpm; used in the Audi TT and SEAT León. This version is built in Győr.
176 kW (240 PS) @ 5700 rpm, 320 N·m (235 ft·lbf) from 2300 to 5000 rpm, used in the 2005 Audi TT quattro sport, (9:1 compression ratio)
references 
Audi AG (2005-02-22). Audi TT quattro sport Revealed. News release. http://www.germancarfans.com/news.cfm/NewsID/2050222.007/audi/1.html. 

Awards

Was placed in the 1997, 1998, 2001, 2002 and 2003 annual list of Ward's 10 Best Engines.

2.0 80-86kW

engine code
ABA,2E,AGG
configuration 
1,984 Cubic centimetre (121.1 Cubic inch) inline 4
block 
bore 82.5 × stroke 92.8 mm, cast iron
head 
aluminium, SOHC, 2 valves per cylinder with bucket tappets, one-piece cast camshaft, compression ratio 10.0:1
crankcase 
forged steel connecting rods
aspiration 
cast aluminum intake manifold
engine management
Motronic, regular unleaded fuel
output
86 kW (115 hp) at 5200 rpm, 165 N·m (122 ft·lbf) at 2600 rpm
85 kW (115,5 hp) at 5400 rpm, 172 N·m (125 ft·lbf) at 3500 rpm in VW Passat
80 kW (109 hp) at 5400 rpm, 160 Nm (120 ft·lbf) at 3500 rpm in Ecofuel (bivalent) (Compressed natural gas) Touran, Caddy and Transporter/Caravelle.
applications 
VW Golf, VW Jetta, Jetta Wagon, VW New Beetle, VW Touran, VW Transporter, Škoda Fabia

2.0 16V 110kW

engine code
9A(North American market), ABF
configuration 
1,984 cc (121.1 cu in) inline 4
block 
bore 82.5 × stroke 92.8 mm, cast iron
head 
aluminium, DOHC, 4 valves per cylinder
crankcase 
forged steel connecting rods
aspiration 
cast aluminum intake manifold
engine management
Siemens 5WP4 304 (Golf & Ibiza) CIS-E Motronic
output 
110 kW (150 hp) at 6000 rpm, 180 N·m (135 ft·lbf) at 4800 rpm
applications 
VW Golf Mk3 GTi, SEAT Ibiza GTi, later Cupra, SEAT Toledo VW Golf MkII, VW Jetta

2.0 FSI 110kW

Engine code
BPG
configuration 
1,984 Cubic centimetre (121.1 Cubic inch) inline four
block 
82.5 bore x 92.8 stroke
head 
DOHC, compression ratio 11.5:1, continuously adjustable intake camshaft, four valves per cylinder actuated by low-friction roller cam followers
fuel 
Gasoline, Fuel Stratified Injection, single-piston high-pressure injection pump, air-guided combustion process, stratified and homogeneous lean operation with excess air at part load
aspiration 
variable intake manifold and dual-branch front pipe
output 
110 kW (150 hp) at 6000 rpm, 200 N·m at 3500 rpm
applications 
VW Golf, VW Passat, Audi A3, Audi A4, Škoda Octavia, SEAT León, SEAT Toledo, SEAT Altea
references 
Audi AG (2004-07-19). Audi A3 Sportback – In Depth. News release. http://www.germancarfans.com/news.cfm/newsid/2040719.001/page/3/lang/eng/audi/1.html. 

2.0 TFSI 125-200kW

Engine code
BPY (North America); AXX or BWA (Rest of world)
Configuration 
1,984 Cubic centimetre (121.1 Cubic inch) water cooled inline 4, based on the naturally aspirated 2.0 FSI
Cylinders
bore × stroke 82.5 × 92.8 mm (0.89 rati), 496 cc/cylinder, 10.5:1 compression ratio
Block 
CG 25 grey cast iron, 88 mm cylinder spacing, two chain driven balancing shafts
Head 
four-valve, low-friction roller cam follower drive, modified inlet duct geometry for high tumble values providing superior knock resistance, continuous intake camshaft adjustment
Fuel system 
Gasoline, Fuel Stratified Injection, up to 110 bar
Aspiration 
0.9 bar boost turbocharger, intercooler, variable plastic controlled intake manifold with charge movement flaps adjusted by a continuous-action pilot motor
Dimensions 
652 mm long, 648 mm wide, 666 mm high, 152 kg
Output
125 kW (170 PS) at 4300 rpm, 280 Nm from 1800 to 4200 rpm in the 2005 Audi A6
136 kW (185 hp) at 6000 rpm, 270 Nm (199 ft·lbf) from 1800 to 5000 rpm, in the 2005 SEAT León
147 kW (200 hp) at 5,100 to 6,000 rpm, 280 Nm from 1,800 to 5,000 rpm in the 2004 Audi A4, 2004 Audi A3, 2006 Audi TT, 2005 Volkswagen Passat, VW Golf Mk5 GTI, 2006 VW Jetta GLI, 2005 Škoda Octavia vRS, SEAT León FR
162 kW (220 hp) at 5900 rpm, 300 Nm from 2,200 to 4,800 rpm in the 2005 Audi A4 DTM edition
169 kW (230 hp), 300 Nm from 2,250 to 5,200 rpm in the VW Golf Mk5 GTI Edition 30
177 kW (240 hp) at 5,700 to 6,300 rpm, 330 Nm at 2,200 to 5,500 rpm in the SEAT León Cupra
191 kW (260 hp) at 6,000 rpm, 350 Nm from 2500 to 5000 rpm in the SEAT León Cupra R (coming soon this year)
195 kW (265 PS) at 6,000 rpm, 350 Nm from 2500 to 5000 rpm in the Audi S3 (A5)
200 kW (272 PS) at 6,000 rpm, 350 Nm from 2,500 to 5,000 rpm in the Audi TTS
stronger pistons pins and new rings, reinforced connecting rods, new bearings, reinforced cylinder block at the main-bearing pedestals and cap, new, lightweight aluminium-silicon alloy cylinder head for high temperature resistance and strength, adjusted exhaust camshaft timing, increased cross-section high-pressure injectors, 1.2 bar boost pressure turbocharger with larger turbine and compression rotor.
aftermarket 257 kW (350 PS), 450 Nm in the B&B VW Golf GTI Evo R
Reference 
Audi AG (2004-07-19). Audi A3 Sportback – In Depth. News release. http://www.germancarfans.com/news.cfm/newsid/2040719.001/page/3/lang/eng/audi/1.html. 

Awards

Was placed for three consecutive years in the 2006, 2007 and 2008 annual list of Ward's 10 Best Engines.

Four cylinder EA888

1.8 TFSI 118-125kW

configuration 
1,798 Cubic centimetre (109.7 Cubic inch) water cooled inline 4, bore 82.5 mm/stroke 84.1 mm
head 
9.6:1 compression ratio, toothed chain driven camshaft, continuous adjusting intake
block 
88 mm cylinder spacing, 33 kg grey cast iron (GJL 250)
crankcase 
two toothed chain driven counter-rotating balancing shafts suppressing second degree free inertial forces and oil-pump
crankshaft 
eight counterweights, 58 mm diameter main bearings
fuel system 
Gasoline, Fuel Stratified Injection, up to 150 bar, six-hole injectors, high-pressure pump driven by a fourfold cam on the exhaust camshaft, stainless steel high-pressure lines, dual injection at the admission and compression stroke
aspiration 
Borg Warner K03 watercooled turbocharger, intercooler, charge movement flaps controlling combustion chamber air movement
exhaust 
ceramic primary catalytic converter and ceramic close-coupled catalytic converter
output
118 kW (Convert/PS hp) from 5,000 to 6,200 rpm, 250 N·m (180 ft·lbf) from 1,500 to 4,200 rpm, 165 N·m (122 ft·lbf) at 1,000 rpm
125 kW (Convert/PS hp) from 4,800 to 6,200 rpm, 250 N·m (180 ft·lbf) from 1,500 to 4,800 rpm, in the Audi A5
application
2006 Audi A3
2006 Audi A4
2006 Audi A5
2006 SEAT Leon
2006 SEAT Altea XL
2006 Škoda Octavia
reference 
Audi AG (2006-09-27). Sporty Dynamism, Superb Comfort: The Audi 1.8 TFSI. News release. http://www.audiworld.com/news/06/paris-audi-18tfsi-engine/. 
source
of the German engine paper mtz, press release 11/2006:"Der neue Audi 1.8TFSI-Motor"

2.0 TFSI 132-155kW

configuration 
1,984 Cubic centimetre (121.1 Cubic inch) water cooled inline 4, bore 82.5 mm/stroke 92,. mm
head
9.6:1 compression ratio, chain driven camshaft, continuous adjusting intake, two-stage valvelift inlet valve lift variable control
block
88 mm cylinder spacing, 33 kg grey cast iron (GJL 250)
crankcase
two chain driven counter-rotating balancing shafts suppressing second degree free inertial forces and oil-pump
crankshaft
eight counterweights, 58 mm diameter main bearings
fuel system
Gasoline, Fuel Stratified Injection, up to 150 bar, six-hole injectors, high-pressure pump driven by a fourfold cam on the exhaust camshaft, stainless steel high-pressure lines, dual injection at the admission and compression stroke
aspiration
Borg Warner K03 watercooled turbocharger, intercooler, charge movement flaps controlling combustion chamber air movement
exhaust
ceramic primary catalytic converter and ceramic close-coupled catalytic converter
output
132 kW (Convert/PS hp) from 4,200 to 6,000 rpm, 320 N·m (240 ft·lbf) from 1,500 to 4,000 rpm
155 kW (Convert/PS hp) from 4,300 to 6,000 rpm, 350 N·m (260 ft·lbf) from 1,500 to 4,200rpm
application
2009 Audi A5
2009 Audi Q5
reference 
"Audi adds 2.0 TFSI with Valvelift to A5 Coupe". 2008-06-25. http://paultan.org/archives/2008/06/25/audi-adds-20-tfsi-with-valvelift-to-a5-coupe/. Retrieved on 2008-06-25. 

Five cylinder

2.3 VR5 110-125kW

engine code(s) 
configuration 
2,324 Cubic centimetre (141.8 Cubic inch) water cooled wet sump VR6 engine
block 
cast iron, six bearings, 81 mm bore × 90.2 mm stroke, 0.9 ratio, 465 cm³ per cylinder
head 
Aluminium alloy, DOHC, four valves per cylinder, 10.8:1 compression
aspiration 
variable intake manifold, tubular exhaust manifold
fuel 
electronic injection
output
110 kW (150 hp) at 6000 rpm, 209 N·m (154 ft·lbf) at 3200 rpm from 1997
125 kW (170 hp) at 6200 rpm, 220 N·m (162 ft·lbf) at 3300 rpm from 2001
applications 
Volkswagen New Beetle, Volkswagen Golf, Volkswagen Bora, Volkswagen Passat

2.5 110-125kW (US)

engine code(s) 
BGP / BGQ
configuration 
2,480 Cubic centimetre (151 Cubic inch) Straight-5
block 
bore 82.5 × stroke 92.8 mm, cast iron
head 
Aluminium alloy, DOHC, 4 valves per cylinder (chain driven) actuated by low-friction roller cam followers, build camshafts, variable intake camshaft adjustment
crankcase 
cast iron
aspiration 
cast aluminum intake manifold
engine management
Robert Bosch GmbH Motronic
output
110 kW (150 hp) at 5000 rpm, 225 N·m (170 ft·lbf) at 3750 rpm from 2005
125 kW (170 hp) at 5700 rpm, 239 N·m (177 ft·lbf) at 4250 rpm from 2008
applications 
Volkswagen Rabbit, Volkswagen Jetta, Volkswagen New Beetle for the North America market as the replacement for the 2.0L I4

Six cylinder

2.4 V6 130kW

The 2.4 V6 is a smaller version of the 3.2 FSI without the variable intake manifold and the FSI direct injection.

Engine code
BDW
Configuration 
2,393 Cubic centimetre (146.0 Cubic inch) 90° V6 engine
Cylinders 
Bore × stroke 81 mm × 77.4 mm (0.91 ratio), 399 cm³/cylinder, aluminium block
Crankcase 
aluminium
Heads 
aluminium, 4 valves per cylinder, DOHC, 11.3:1 Compression ratio, chain driven camshafts, continuously variable valve timing system both for intake and exhaust
Fuel system 
Motronic ME 7.X electronic sequential SFI Fuel injection
Exhaust 
two ceramic catalytic converters
Output 
130 kW (177 hp) @ 6000 rpm (15.5 m/s piston speed), 230 N·m between 3000 and 5000 rpm (12.1 bars MEP)
Application 
2004 Audi A6
references 
Audi AG (2004-04-08). New Audi A6 In Depth. News release. http://www.germancarfans.com/news.cfm/newsid/2040408.001/page/3/lang/eng/audi/1.html. 

2.8 VR6 12v 128kW

configuration 
2,792 Cubic centimetre (170.4 Cubic inch) wet sumped 15° VR6 engine
engine code 
AAA, AFP
head 
aluminum, DOHC, 2 valves per cylinder, 12 valves total, compression ratio 10.5:1
block 
cast iron, 7 main bearings, bore 81 × stroke 90.3 mm (ratio 0.9), 465 cc per cylinder
fuel system 
Motronic ME7.1, MPFi, regular premium unleaded (91 AKI)
output 
128 kW (172 hp) @ 5800 rpm, 235 N·m (173 ft·lbf) @ 4200 rpm
applications 
VW Corrado, VW Eurovan, VW Sharan, VW Golf VR6, VW Jetta

Awards

Was placed in the 1995 annual list of Ward's 10 Best Engines.

2.8 V6 142kW

Engine code
ACK/ALG/APR/AQD/AMX/AHA/ATQ
configuration 
2,771 Cubic centimetre (169.1 Cubic inch) water cooled V6 engine, bore 82.5 mm × 86.4 mm stroke
head 
DOHC, 5 valves per cylinder, 30 valves total, compression ratio 10.6:1
output
194 hp (142 kW) @ 6000 rpm, 280 N·m (206 ft·lbf) @ 3200 rpm
engine management 
Motronic, regular premium unleaded fuel (98 octane normally or 95 with "lower power output", according to manual)
applications 
VW Passat (1997-2005) including the Variant and Škoda Superb; Audi A4, Audi A6 and Audi A8 in a 30 valves version.

2.8 VR6 24v 152kW

MOD:2004;TP{1J5863463L}

configuration 
2,792 Cubic centimetre (170.4 Cubic inch) wet sumped 15° VR6 engine
engine code
BDF
head 
aluminium, DOHC, 4 valves per cylinder, 24 valves total, compression ratio 10.7:1
block 
cast iron, 7 main bearings, bore 81 × stroke 90.3 mm (ratio 0.9), 465 cc per cylinder
fuel system 
Motronic ME7.1, MPFi, regular premium unleaded (91 AKI)
output 
152 kW (204 hp) @ 6200 rpm, 265 N·m (205 ft·lbf) @ 3400 rpm
applications 
VW Eurovan, VW Sharan, VW Golf VR6, VW Jetta

2.8 V6 FSI 140-162kW

The 2.8 V6 is a stroke-reduced version of the 3.2 FSI introducing the valvelift variable control of inlet valve lift.

Engine code
BDX
Configuration 
2,773 Cubic centimetre (169.2 Cubic inch) 90° V6 engine, 18.5 mm cylinders banks offset
Cylinders 
Bore × stroke 84.5 × 82.4 mm (1.03 ratio), 462 cm³/cylinder
Crankcase 
360 mm long, 430 mm, 228 mm high, 33 kg, low-pressure die-casting, hypereutectic aluminium alloy, 17% silicon, 4% copper
Heads 
4 valves per cylinder, DOHC, 12:1 compression ratio, continuously variable valve timing system both for intake and exhaust, two-stage valvelift inlet valve lift variable control
Fuel system 
FSI petrol direct injection
Dimensions 
165 kg
Output 
154 kW (210 PS) at 5,500 rpm, 280 Nm from 3,000 to 5,000 rpm, 6,800 rpm max
 
140 kW (190 PS) at 5,500 rpm, 280 Nm from 3,000 to 5,000 rpm
 
162 kW (220 PS) at 5,750 rpm, 280 Nm from 3,200 to 5,000 rpm
Application 
2007 Audi A6 and facelifted A6 2008
references 
Audi AG (2006-09-27). The New 2.8 FSI with Audi Valvelift System. News release. http://www.fourtitude.com/news/publish/Audi_News/article_2573.shtml. 

3.0 V6 160-162kW

This engine unveiled in 2000 is an aluminium, longer stroke version of the 2.8L V6.

Engine code
220 hp (164 kW)-AVK (218 hp-BBJ)
configuration 
2,976 Cubic centimetre (181.6 Cubic inch) 90° V6 engine
head 
five-valve cylinder, continuous intake camshaft adjustment, exhaust camshaft adjustment
output 
162 kW (220 hp) at 6300 rpm, 300 N·m at 3200 rpm
160 kW (218 hp) for the C6 A6
block 
aluminium, bore 82.5 mm × stroke 92.8 mm, light pistons, balancer shaft
aspiration 
two-position variable intake manifold
management 
Bosch Motronic ME 7.1.1 with electronic throttle control
ekhaust 
EU4 compliant
application 
2000 Audi A4, 2005 Audi A6 (some Far East markets)
references 
Audi AG (2000-10-10). The New Audi A4. News release. http://www.audiworld.com/news/00/newa4/content3.shtml. 

3.2 VR6 173-184kW

Configuration 
3,189 Cubic centimetre (194.6 Cubic inch) 15° VR6 engine
Cylinders 
bore * stroke 84*95.9 mm, 531 cc per cylinder
Head 
four-valve, two overhead camshafts, one for all exhaust valves and one for all intake valves, continuous timing adjustment, 52 degrees on the inlet, 22 degrees on the outlet, roller rocker arms with hydraulic play compensation
Ignition 
individual ignition coil
Output
173 kW (235 hp) @ 6,200 rpm, 315 N·m from 2950 rpm in T5
176 kW (241 hp) @ 6,200 rpm, 320 N·m from 2,500 to 3,000 rpm
184 kW (250 hp) @ 6,300 rpm, 320 N·m from 2,500 to 3,000 rpm
Sources 
GermanCarFans New Volkswagen Golf R32 09-23-2005
applications 
VW Golf R32, Audi A3, Audi TT, VW Touareg, Audi Q7, Porsche Cayenne, VW Phaeton

3.2 V6 FSI 188-191kW

Engine codes
AUK / BKH / BYU (191kW - BPK)
Configuration 
3,123 Cubic centimetre (190.6 Cubic inch) 90° V6 engine

3,197 Cubic centimetre (195.1 Cubic inch) 90° V6 engine

Cylinders 
Bore × stroke 84.5 mm × 92.8 mm (0.91 ratio), 520.4 cc/cylinder, 90 mm spaced, aluminium block
Cylinders 
Bore × stroke 85.5 mm × 92.8 mm (0.90 ratio), 532.8 cc/cylinder, 90 mm spaced, aluminium block
Crankcase 
aluminium
Heads 
aluminium, 4 valves per cylinder, DOHC, 12.5:1 Compression ratio, chain driven camshafts, continuously variable valve timing system both for intake and exhaust
Fuel system 
common rail Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) high-pressure injection between 30 and 100 bar.
Aspiration 
variable intake manifold
Exhaust 
two ceramic catalytic converters
Dimensions 
360 mm length, 430 mm width, 169.5 kg (aluminium engine)
Output 
188 kW (255 hp) @ 6500 rpm, 330 N·m @ 3250 rpm, 90% available between 1900 and 5900 rpm, 7200 rpm max
191 kW (260 hp) @ 6500 rpm in the A8.
195 kW (265 PS) @ 6500 rpm, 330 Nm from 3200 to 5000 rpm in Audi A4 and A5 2008
Applications 
2005 Audi A8, Audi A6, Audi A4, Audi A5
references 
Audi AG (2004-04-08). New Audi A6 In Depth. News release. http://www.germancarfans.com/news.cfm/newsid/2040408.001/page/3/lang/eng/audi/1.html. 

3.0 V6 TFSI 213-245kW

Configuration 
2,995 Cubic centimetre (182.8 Cubic inch) 90° V6 engine
Cylinders 
Bore × stroke 84.5 mm × 89.1 mm (0.95 ratio), 498.7 cc/cylinder, 90 mm spaced, aluminium block
Crankcase 
aluminium
Heads 
aluminium, 4 valves per cylinder, DOHC, 10.5:1 Compression ratio, chain driven camshafts, continuously variable valve timing system both for intake and exhaust
Fuel system 
common rail Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) high-pressure injection between 30 and 100 bar.
Aspiration 
Eaton 4fly-Compressor in the V
Exhaust 
two ceramic catalytic converters
Dimensions 
360 mm length, 430 mm width, 169.5 kg (aluminium engine)
Output 
213 kW (290 hp) from 4,850 to 6,500 rpm, 420 N·m from 2,500 to 4,800 rpm
Output 
245 kW (333 hp) from 5,500 to 7,000 rpm, 440 Nm from 2,500 to 5,000 ;
Applications 
2005 Audi A8, Audi A6, Audi A4, Audi A5, Audi S4

3.6 VR6 FSI 206kW

Configuration 
3,598 Cubic centimetre (219.6 Cubic inch) 10.6° VR6 engine
Cylinders 
Bore x stroke: 89.0 x 96.4 mm, iron block
Head 
aluminum, chain-driven double overhead cams, 4 valves per cylinder, hydraulic lifters, variable intake- and exhaust-valve timing, 12.0:1 compression ratio
Fuel system 
FSI direct injection
Output 
206 kW (280 hp DIN) @ 6200 rpm, 360 N·m (266 ft·lbf) @ 2750 rpm, 12,57 bars MEP, max 6500 rpm (20.9 m/s piston speed)
Applications 
2006 VW Passat (US), 2006 Audi Q7
references 
"Volkswagen Passat 3.6". Car and Driver. December 2005. http://www.caranddriver.com/article.asp?article_id=10247. 

3.6 VR6 FSI 220kW

Configuration 
3,598 Cubic centimetre (219.6 Cubic inch) 15° VR6 engine
Cylinders 
Bore x stroke: 89.0 x 96.4 mm, iron block
Head 
aluminum, chain-driven double overhead cams, 4 valves per cylinder, hydraulic lifters, variable intake- and exhaust-valve timing, 12.0:1 compression ratio
Fuel system 
FSI direct injection
Output 
220 kW (300 hp DIN) @ 6600 rpm, 350 N m (258 ft lbf) @2400-5300 )
Applications 
2008 Passat R36, 2008 Touareg
references 
"Volkswagen Passat R36 Technical Specifications". Car Enthusiast. http://carenthusiast.com/reviews.html?mode=tech&id=526. 

Eight cylinder

3.7 V8 206kW

Configuration 
3,697 Cubic centimetre (225.6 Cubic inch) 90° V8 engine, bore × stroke 84,5 × 82,4 mm
Head 
40 valves actuated by low friction roller fingers 11.0:1 compression ratio
Aspiration 
3-stage variable composite intake manifold
Crankcase 
aluminium, five bearings
Management 
Bosch Motronic
Output 
206 kW (280 hp) @ 6,000 rpm, 360 N·m @ 3,750 rpm
Fuel 
Premium unleaded recommended for maximum performance
Applications 
Audi A8

4.0 W8 202kW

Configuration 
3,998 Cubic centimetre (244.0 Cubic inch) WR8 engine (two 15° "VR4" engines mated at 72°)
Head 
32 valves actuated by roller rocker fingers, 52° variable inlet camshafts and 22° for exhaust camshafts, 10.8:1 Compression ratio
Aspiration 
aluminium resonance intake manifold
Crankcase 
aluminium, five bearings, counter-rotating at twice the crankshaft speed Lanchester principle balancer shafts one above the other, symmetric to the middle of the crankshaft, upper one driven by a toothed belt
Management 
Bosch Motronic
Dimensions 
190 kg, 420 mm length, 710 mm width, 683 mm height
Output 
202 kW (275 hp DIN) @ 6,000 rpm, 370 N·m (11.6 bars MEP) @ 2,750 rpm, max speed 6400 rpm (19.2 m/s)
Fuel 
Regular Premium unleaded recommended for maximum performance.
Applications 
Volkswagen Passat
references 
VW AG (2002-04-22). VW Passat W8 4Motion. News release. http://www.germancarfans.com/news.cfm/newsid/2020422.001. 

4.2 V8 246-260kW

Engine code
BHF
Configuration 
4,163 Cubic centimetre (254.0 Cubic inch) 90° V8 engine
Cylinders 
Bore × stroke 84.5 mm × 92.8 mm (0.91 ratio), 520.4 cc/cylinder, 90 mm spaced, aluminium block
Crankcase 
aluminium
Heads 
aluminium, 5 valves per cylinder, DOHC, chain driven camshafts
Aspiration 
synthetic material two-stage variable intake manifold
Exhaust 
two multi-stage catalytic converters
Engine management
Bosch Motronic ME 7.1.1.
Dimensions 
464 mm length, 195 kg
Output
246 kW (335 hp) @ 6600 rpm, 420 N·m @ 3500 rpm, 6800 rpm max
260 kW (354 hp) @ 7,000 rpm in the S5
Applications 
first in Audi S4 in 2002, Audi A6, Audi A8
references 
Audi AG (2004-04-08). New Audi A6 In Depth. News release. http://www.germancarfans.com/news.cfm/newsid/2040408.001/page/3/lang/eng/audi/1.html. 

Awards

Was placed in the 2004 annual list of Ward's 10 Best Engines.

4.2 V8 FSI 257-309kW

configuration 
4,163 Cubic centimetre (254.0 Cubic inch) 90° V8 engine
cylinders 
90 mm spacing, aluminium-silicon alloy housing, hard silicon crystals liners
head 
four chains driven camshafts
aspiration 
magnesium two-stage variable intake manifold
fuel 
FSI direct petrol injection
management 
Motronic MED 9.1
output
257 kW (350 hp) at 6800 rpm, 440 N·m at 3,500 rpm, 85% available from 2000 rpm in the 2006 Audi Q7 and 2007 VW Touareg and 2008 Audi A6
265 kW (360 hp) at 6900 rpm, 440 N·m at 3,500 rpm in the 2007 Audi A6 and Audi A8
309 kW (420 hp) @ 7800 rpm, 430 N·m @ 5500 rpm, 90% available between 2,250 and 7,600 rpm, 8,250 rpm maximum in the 2005 Audi RS4 and Audi R8
references
Audi AG (2005-09-05). New Audi RS4. News release. http://www.germancarfans.com/news.cfm/newsid/2050905.001/page/2/lang/eng/audi/1.html. 
Audi AG (2006-01-31). Audi Q7 In Depth. News release. http://www.germancarfans.com/news.cfm/newsid/2060131.009/page/6/lang/eng/audi/1.html. 

Awards

Was placed in the 2005 and 2006 annual list of Ward's 10 Best Engines.

4.2 V8 biturbo 331kW (RS6)

Aspiration 
two fast-acting Turbocharger (one per Cylinder bank), two Intercooler optimised to prevent pressure loss
Head 
five valves per cylinder (three inlet and two exhaust), roller-bearing rocker arms
Output 
331 kW (450 bhp) between 5700 and 6400 rpm, 560 N·m between 1950 and 5600 rpm
Applications 
2004 Audi RS6
references 
Audi AG. Audi RS6 in depth. News release. http://www.germancarfans.com/features.cfm/featureid/1020530.001. 

6.75 V8 biturbo 335kW (Bentley)

Block 
aluminum block V8-90°, bore 104,1, stroke 99,1 = 6,748 Cubic centimetre (411.8 Cubic inch), central camshaft Ohv
Head 
two valves per cylinder, twin Turbo aspiration
Output 
335 kW (456 hp) at 4100, 875 N·m at 3250 rpm
375 KW (507hp) at 4,200 rpm, 1,050 Nm at 3300 rpm
Applications 
2005 Bentley Arnage, Brooklands
references 
German press release: auto katalog 2006, auto, motor und sport

Ten cylinder

5.0 Lamborghini V10

Main article: Lamborghini V10


5.0 TFSI V10 427kW (RS6)

Configuration 
4,991 Cubic centimetre (304.6 Cubic inch) 90° V10 engine
Cylinders 
Bore × stroke 84.5 mm × 89.0 mm, 499.1 cc/cylinder
Crankcase 
aluminium alloy
Head 
4 valves per cylinder, DOHC, 10.5:1 compression ratio, chain driven intake and exhaust camshafts continuously adjusted, roller cam followers valve actuation
Fuel system 
common rail Gasoline direct injection (FSI) petrol direct injection (one rail per Cylinder bank), maximum injection pressure of 120 bar, Robert Bosch GmbH Motronic ME 9.1.2 engine management
Aspiration 
two-stage magnesium variable intake manifold incorporating electronically controlled tumble flaps inducing a swirling movement in the drawn air, two exhaust driven Turbocharger, two side mounted Intercooler
Exhaust 
four close-coupled catalytic converters, eight Lambda sensor
Output
580 Metric horsepower (427 Kilowatt; 572 Horsepower) @ 6250-6700 rpm, 650 Newton metre (479 Foot-pound force) from 1500 to 6250 rpm
Applications 
2008 Audi RS6

5.2 FSI V10 320-375kW

This engine is a derivative of the Gallardo's Lamborghini V10 developed under the VAG era. It has been bored by an extra two millimeters, and shares the 90° angle of the recent Audi V engines. Audi continue to use the Gasoline direct injection (FSI) technology, originally developed in the Audi R8 LMP race cars. A 600 Horsepower (447 Kilowatt) Bi-turbo V10 will power the Audi R8 according to WorldCarFans

Configuration 
5,204 Cubic centimetre (317.6 Cubic inch) 90° V10 engine
Cylinders 
Bore × stroke 84.5 mm × 92.8 mm (0.91 ratio), 520.4 cc/cylinder, 90 mm spaced, 18.5 mm bank offset
Crankcase 
low-pressure die-casting hypereutectic Aluminium alloy reinforced by a bedplate frame, inner-vee balancing shaft eliminating first degree inertial forces, grey cast iron bearings
Crankshaft 
18 degrees crankpin offset
Head 
4 valves per cylinder, DOHC, 12.5:1 compression ratio, chain driven camshafts continuously adjusted on 42 degrees, roller cam followers valve actuation, 32.5 mm intake valves and 28.0 mm exhaust sodium-filled valves
Fuel system 
common rail Gasoline direct injection (FSI) petrol direct injection, maximum injection pressure of 100 bar, Robert Bosch GmbH Motronic MED 9.1 management
Aspiration 
two-stage magnesium variable intake manifold incorporating electronically controlled tumble flaps inducing a swirling movement in the drawn air
Exhaust 
four close-coupled catalytic converters
Dimensions 
220 kg (485 lb) (20 kg less than the competition, i.e. the BMW S85 with its 98 mm bore spacing), length 685 mm, width 801 mm, height 713 mm high with all components, the engine only is 560 mm long
Output
320 Kilowatt (Convert/PS bhp) @ 6800 rpm, 540 Newton metre (398 Foot-pound force) from 3000 to 4000 rpm, over 500 Newton metre (369 Foot-pound force) between 2500 and 5500 rpm in the Audi S6
331 Kilowatt (Convert/PS bhp) @ 7000 rpm, 540 Newton metre (398 Foot-pound force) @ 3500 rpm (90% available from 2,300 rpm), 21.7 m/s maximum piston speed, 13,04 bars maximum MEP in the Audi S8
Applications 
Audi S8, Audi S6 and S6 Avant
references 
Audi AG (2005-10-19). New Audi S8. News release. http://www.germancarfans.com/news.cfm/newsid/2051019.002. 
Audi AG (2005-12-02). New Audi S8 In Depth. News release. http://www.germancarfans.com/news.cfm/newsid/2051202.004/page/3/lang/eng/audi/1.html. 

5.0 TFSI V10 430kW

Configuration 
4,993 Cubic centimetre (304.7 Cubic inch) 90° V10 engine
Cylinders 
Bore × stroke 84.5 mm × 89.1 mm (0.95 ratio), 499 cc/cylinder, 90 mm spaced, 18.5 mm bank offset
Crankcase 
low-pressure die-casting hypereutectic Aluminium alloy reinforced by a bedplate frame, inner-vee balancing shaft eliminating first degree inertial forces, grey cast iron bearings
Crankshaft 
18 degrees crankpin offset
Head 
4 valves per cylinder, DOHC, 9,5:1 compression ratio
Aspiration 
Bi-Turbo charger, double intercooler
Fuel system 
common rail Gasoline direct injection (FSI) petrol direct injection, maximum injection pressure of 100 bar,
Output 
430kW (580hp) at 6,250rpm, 650 Nm from 1,250-6,000 rpm
assembled in Audi RS6 (2008)

Twelve cylinder

6.0 W12 309-331kW

The W12 engine is 12 cylinder W engine formed by two 15° VR6 engine placed on a single crankshaft at a 72° angle. It is also used with slight modification, and the addition of Turbocharger in the Bentley Continental GT and Bentley Continental Flying Spur. It has been used in a 600 hp (450 kW) form aboard the Volkswagen W12 prototype sports car to establish a 24 hour record of 323 km/h in 2002 at Nardo, Italia.

Configuration 
5,998 Cubic centimetre (366.0 Cubic inch) water cooled W12
Cylinders 
Bore × stroke 84.00 × 90.20 mm (0.93 ratio), 500 cc /cylinder, 10.7:1 compression ratio
Block 
Aluminium alloy, torsionally stiff aluminium crankcase with high-resistance cylinder liners
Crankshaft 
21.2 kg, seven bearings, crankpins offset to achieve a constant firing order as on a V6 engine
Head 
aluminium, twin constantly variable camshaft, 52 degrees timing range for the flow-optimised inlet ports, 22 degrees on the exhaust camshafts
Fuel system 
single coils centrally positioned spark plugs, electronic fuel injection
Aspiration 
two-channel magnesium intake manifold
Exhaust 
four pre-catalysts and two main catalytic converters then four close-coupled ceramic catalytic converters, eight heated oxygen sensors monitoring
Engine management 
Robert Bosch GmbH Motronic ME 7.1.1, electronic sequential injection, electronic throttle control, hot-film air-mass sensing, cylinder-selective knock control via four sensors and permanent lambda control
Dimensions 
513 mm length, 715 mm height, 710 then 690 mm width
Output
Audi: initially 309 Kilowatt (Convert/PS bhp) and 550 Newton metre (406 Foot-pound force); then ; 335 kW (Convert/PS bhp) @ 6,200 rpm, 580 Newton metre (428 Foot-pound force) @ 4,000 rpm, 560 Newton metre (413 Foot-pound force) from 2,300 to 5,300 rpm (A8)
VW: 331 Kilowatt (Convert/PS bhp) at 6000 rpm, 560 Newton metre (413 Foot-pound force) at 2750-5000 rpm (Phaeton) or 600 Newton metre (443 Foot-pound force) @ 3300 rpm (Touareg),
Applications 
2004 Audi A8, 2004 Volkswagen Phaeton, 2004 Volkswagen Touareg sport
references
VWAG (2004-02-25). VW Phaeton - In Depth. News release. http://www.germancarfans.com/news.cfm/newsid/2020301.001/page/3/lang/eng/volkswagen/1.html. 
Audi AG (01-12-2004). 12-cylinder Audi A8 L Details. News release. http://www.germancarfans.com/news.cfm/newsid/2040112.001/page/3/lang/eng/audi/1.html 12-cylinder. 

Lamborghini V12 430-469kW

Main article: Lamborghini V12
Configuration 
water cooled 60° V12 engine
Cylinders 6.2
Bore × stroke 87 × 86,8 mm, 11.6:1 compression ratio, 6,192 Cubic centimetre (377.9 Cubic inch)
Cylinders 6.5
Bore × stroke 89 × 90 mm, 11.8:1 compression ratio, 6,494 Cubic centimetre (396.3 Cubic inch)
Block 
Aluminium alloy
Head 
aluminium alloy, dohc, four valves
Output 6.2
430 Kilowatt (Convert/PS bhp) at 7500 rpm, and 650 Newton metre (479 Foot-pound force) at 5500 rpm
Output 6.5
469 Kilowatt (Convert/PS bhp) at 7500 rpm, and 660 Newton metre (487 Foot-pound force) at 5200 rpm
Applications 
2004 Lamborghini Murcielago LP 640
sources 
German press release: auto katalog 2006

Sixteen cylinder

8.0 W16 736kW

Configuration 
7,993 Cubic centimetre (487.8 Cubic inch) water cooled W16 engine formed by two VR8 15° Cylinder bank placed on a single crankshaft at a 90° angle.
Cylinders 
Bore × stroke 86 × 86 mm, 500 cc /cylinder
Head 
two camshafts per bank, four valves per cylinder
Aspiration 
four Turbocharger, two water-cooled Intercooler
Dimensions 
710 mm length, 400 kg (882 lb)
Output 
736 Kilowatt (Convert/PS bhp) at 6,000 rpm, 1,250 Newton metre (922 Foot-pound force) between 2,200 and 5,500 rpm
Applications 
Bugatti Veyron 16.4
references 
Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S (2006-02-02). Bugatti Veyron 16.4 Powerplant. News release. http://www.worldcarfans.com/news.cfm/newsid/2060202.010/country/ecf/Bugatti/bugatti-veyron-16.4-powerplant. 

Petrol engines data table

Engine displacementValvetrainPower (physics)Torque @
max power
TorquePower @
max torque
Specific powerMax Operating
Revs
Cubic centimetreKW (Horsepower)@ rpmNewton metreNm (ft·lbf)@ rpmkWkW/l (bhp/l)Revolutions per minute
2.0L I4 TFSI 1,984 16v DOHC 147 (200) 5100 275 280 (207) 1800 53 74.1 (100.8) 6500
2.5L I5 BGP (US) 2,480 20v DOHC 110 (150) 5000 214 240 (177) 3750 94 44.4 (60.5) 5800
2.8L V6 2,771 30v DOHC 142 (191) 6000 226 279 (206) 3200 93 51.2 (68.9)
2.8L VR6 2,792 24v DOHC 150 (201) 6200 231 264 (199) 2500 69 53.7 (72)
3.2L VR6 3,189 24v DOHC 184 (247) 6300 279 320 (236) 2500 84 57.7 (77.5)
4.0L W8 3,998 32v DOHC 201 (271) 6000 320 370 (273) 2750 107 50.3 (67.7) 6400
4.2L V8 40v 4,163 40v DOHC 254 (340) 7000 341 409 (302) 3500 110 61.0 (81.6) 7000
4.2L V8 FSI (RS4) 4,163 32v DOHC 309 (414) 7800 378 430 (317) 5500 248 74.2 (99.4) 8250
4.2L V8 twinturbo (RS6) 4,163 40v DOHC 331 (444) 5700 555 560 (413) 5500 323 79.5 (106.4)
5.2L V10 (S8) 5,204 40v DOHC 331 (444) 7000 452 540 (398) 3500 198 63.6 (85.3)
6.0L W12 5,998 48v DOHC 331 (444) 6200 510 580 (428) 4000 243 55.2 (73.9) 6000

See also

  • List of Volkswagen Group diesel engines
  • List of discontinued Volkswagen Group petrol engines
  • List of discontinued Volkswagen Group diesel engines
  • Wasserboxer
  • Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI)
  • Suction Diesel Injection (SDI)
  • BlueMotion
  • List of Volkswagen Group platforms

References

External links


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